Programs integrating commodities and approaches

Landscapes of Halimun Salak National Park, Indonesia: Kate Evans/CIFOR

Roots, Tubers and Bananas (RTB)
Livestock and Fish (L&F)
Grain Legumes (GL)
Dryland Cereals (DC)
Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA)
Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE)
Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM)

Science for management

These CRPs produced significant new knowledge in 2015. For example, we enhanced understanding of yam and sweet potato genomes to facilitate targeted breeding. We also developed methods for accelerated genetic improvement for bananas and for the precision breeding of cassava. CGIAR showed that micro-dosing of fertilizers for sorghum and pearl millet could increase productivity by 10 to 30%, and also demonstrated improved Striga and soil fertility management practices. The identification of genomic signatures of potential thermo-tolerance traits in Barki sheep and goats lays the foundations for a better understanding of adaptation mechanisms to hot, arid environments. It also highlights the potential of indigenous breeds as the genetic resources of choice to mitigate against climate change. For improved water management in locations facing drought, we developed a mapping tool to identify areas and populations vulnerable to groundwater drought risk. The tool was applied in South Africa.

Decision-making tools for improved practice

Outcomes produced by this cluster of CRPs ranged from the deployment in Africa and India of 705 tonnes of pigeon pea hybrid seeds, to a public-private value chain pilot involving 15,000 smallholder potato growers, resulting in a 20% increase in average yields through new potato production technologies and improved practices in Eastern and Southern Africa. A pilot in water management involved 15,000 land managers in Ethiopia. It sought to provide watershed management options to support the Government’s efforts to rehabilitate degraded landscapes. CGIAR was influential in shaping Indonesia’s Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) decisions and was involved in the Indonesian National REDD+ strategy development. It also supported the establishment of Indonesia’s National Carbon Accounting System (INCAS). At global level, a rare recent success in international agricultural trade negotiations was the 2015 agreement by the 10th Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in Nairobi to eliminate export subsidies. CGIAR’s inputs to the process contributed to the Ministerial Decision on Public Stockholding for Food Security Purposes and the Ministerial Decision on a Special Safeguard Mechanism for Developing Countries.