Achieving sustainable development in the face of climate change hinges on overcoming challenges faced by the billions of people engaged in crop and animal agriculture, forestry and fisheries. Collectively, these people are the custodians of much of the world’s natural resources. They are also amongst the world’s poorest and most vulnerable. Transforming agriculture and food systems in ways that simultaneously improves lives, livelihoods, and the condition of natural resources presents a formidable challenge. CGIAR is committed to addressing this challenge by working in research partnerships that deliver on-the-ground solutions for the planet’s most vulnerable people.

Cover: A young mother is selling fish in the urban region of Yoff, Senegal: Sandro Bozzolo/Bioversity International

Achieving sustainable development in the face of climate change hinges on overcoming challenges faced by the billions of people engaged in crop and animal agriculture, forestry and fisheries. Collectively, these people are the custodians of much of the world’s natural resources. They are also amongst the world’s poorest and most vulnerable. Transforming agriculture and food systems in ways that simultaneously improves lives, livelihoods, and the condition of natural resources presents a formidable challenge. CGIAR is committed to addressing this challenge by working in research partnerships that deliver on-the-ground solutions for the planet’s most vulnerable people.

Cover: A young mother is selling fish in the urban region of Yoff, Senegal: Sandro Bozzolo/Bioversity International

Vision: A world free of poverty, hunger and environmental degradation
Mission: To advance agri-food science and innovation that enable poor people, especially poor women, to increase agricultural productivity and resilience, share in economic growth, better feed themselves and their families, and conserve natural resources in the face of climate change and other threats

READ THE FOREWORD from the CGIAR Fund Council and CGIAR Consortium Board Chairs


Barry Aliman bicycles with her baby to fetch water for her family.
Burkina Faso. SOURCE: Ollivier Girard/CIFOR

Highlights from the
CGIAR Research Program portfolio

Investing in research on agri-food systems for development is one of the best ways to achieve healthy diets and sustainable food systems for all. Dollar for dollar, CGIAR research has proved far more cost-effective than infrastructure investment in boosting food supply and economic growth, with every dollar invested yielding US$17 worth of benefits:

  • Benefits of CGIAR wheat research range from US$2.8 billion to US$3.8 billion a year, an impressive return for annual public funding of only US$30 million
  • In Africa, drought-tolerant maize has created benefits estimated at US$1.5 billion a year
  • Improved rice varieties enabled farmers in three Southeast Asian countries to harvest an extra US$1.5 billion worth of rice over 20 years with a benefit-cost ratio of 22
  • Biological control of two devastating cassava pests averted a food security crisis in Africa and produced enormous economic returns, totaling US$9 billion, equal to CGIAR’s entire expenditure on research for Africa since its inception

Achieving the greatest economic, social and environmental impacts requires careful targeting of investments. The CGIAR SRF (see page 26) provides focus for CGIAR’s global research efforts. During 2015, the SRF was revised and further refined to align with the United Nations’ SDGs, to deliver even greater clarity on CGIAR priorities and comparative advantage, and to further entrench the impact orientation of CGIAR partnerships. Going forward, our work will simultaneously address three System Level Outcomes (SLOs): reduced poverty; improved food and nutrition security; and improved natural resources and ecosystem services.

In order to deploy our resources to greatest effect, we coordinate our efforts through an integrated portfolio of CRPs. These CRPs harness and align the work of CGIAR’s 15 Research Centers and their partners into coherent, multidisciplinary programs, designed to be research intensive, and tackling some of the world’s most intractable problems. Each one has an unambiguous focus on impact.

This section spotlights just a small selection of the impacts that the CRPs have had since they commenced in 2010. Because of the critical link between climate change, agriculture and food security, we also look at our cross-cutting work on tackling the underlying challenges of climate change through the adoption of sustainable approaches to agriculture. Gender considerations feature prominently because of the vital role that women and girls play in agriculture.

The core, long-term agricultural research of CGIAR, exemplified by crop breeding, has delivered global benefits measured in billions

Children paddling to school. Zambia: Felix Clay Duckrabbit/WorldFish

Reducing poverty
Innovative approaches in the Great Lakes of Africa, high-yielding sorghum and millet help to lift smallholders out of poverty and improved response to emergencies in Ethiopia. Read more.

Improving food and nutrition security
Benefits of biofortification, orange-fleshed sweet potato on the menu in Kenya, fast-tracked wheat varieties resist radical disease and managing a devastating banana disease. Read more.

Publishing data from the 3,000 genomes project

CGIAR has made the genetic makeup of 3,000 rice strains available to plant breeders and scientists across the world. Full knowledge of the genetic profile of a rice strain allows researchers to identify the genetic markers related to a specific physical trait, and better understand how different genetic interactions affect plant phenotypes. This information will allow a breeder to make more intelligent choices in strain selection, resulting in more accurate and rapid development of rice strains that are better suited to different agricultural environments in poor and environmentally stressed economies. Such advances will ultimately benefit the poorest farmers, who grow rice under the most difficult conditions.

Improving natural resources
and ecosystem services

When waste becomes an asset, zero-till wheat reduces inputs and raises farmers’ incomes in South Asia, monitoring deforestation and feeding animals with climate-smart Brachiaria grass. Read more.

Beans that beat the heat, scaling out drought-tolerant maize varieties, index insurance safeguards farmers in India, anticipating climate change – pest risk assessment, climate information by radio and SMS and plans and policies for uncertain futures. Read more.

Advances against aflatoxins

Aflatoxin is a deadly fungal toxin that contaminates many staple food crops, especially those that have been improperly stored. Strong demand for guidance on aflatoxin risk and control from regional decision-makers and regional policymakers prompted CGIAR researchers to synthesize evidence on the effects of aflatoxin in a series of 19 policy briefs. A further series of technical briefs assisted the East African Community member states in producing policy recommendations. While there is not yet a technology or intervention that will, on its own, control aflatoxin risks, the CGIARdeveloped aflasafe™ biocontrol product, which is making an important contribution, and has been accepted for use in Kenya, Nigeria and Senegal. In addition, adoption studies for triple layer storage bags that protect crops from aflatoxin contamination are being tested.

Source: Tackling Aflatoxins: an Overview of Challenges and Solutions, Laurian Unnevehr and Delia Grace

Gender inclusive research to ensure the future we want
Investing in people, measuring women’s empowerment, enabling gender equality in agricultural and environmental innovation and turning from knowledge to action. Read more.

Change in the making

change-in-the-making2To provide CGIAR Fund donors and others with regular updates on important advances in research, the CGIAR Gender and Agriculture Research Network has begun a series of progress reports, called Change in the Making. These reports are being prepared in close consultation with gender researchers across CRPs, drawing on published findings from recent work, which network members are actively sharing with one another and the wider community of experts. The first issue of the series focuses on “gender-equitable control over productive assets and resources,” a key component of the intermediate development outcome on gender and equity in the CGIAR Strategy and Results Framework 2016-2030.

Visit or Change in the making for more information

Cryobanking on a large scale

In a first for CGIAR, cryobanking technicians have established a work flow that allows hundreds of potato accessions to be successfully cryopreserved each year to newly revised and stringent quality standards. Using the method, the success rate (the proportion of processed accessions that have more than 30% recovery rate) has increased from 58 to 86%, and the proportion of contaminated accessions has fallen from 10 to 6%. Cryopreserving potato, sweet potato, banana and cassava material on such a large scale will allow collections to rationalize their conservation activities and focus resources on efforts to understand the diversity therein and promote its use.

Building on results

The results above are just a small selection of a large array of achievements. CGIAR very deliberately takes an impact-pathway approach to its investments. By analyzing the various pathways between research outputs, intermediate outcomes and ultimate impacts, we increase the likelihood that the new knowledge, technologies, policies and practices that we generate will benefit the greatest number of people. In doing so, we ensure our efforts contribute in an important way to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

“No dialogue can be more important than how to feed our world in the face of climate change. Investment in agricultural research delivers amongst the highest returns. I call for greater support to CGIAR.”Akinwumi Adesina
President, African Development Bank


Shamsa Kosar, a beneficiary of Takaful insurance in Wajir, northern Kenya. Riccardo Gangale/ILRI

Highlighting achievement in 2015

CGIAR mobilizes cutting-edge science to help solve major challenges and contribute to achieving the SDGs. Below are just some of CGIAR’s scientific achievements of 2015, which deliver development impact, and will continue to do so into the future.

CGIAR’s world-class scientists provide a diverse and unrivaled mix of knowledge and skills in the crop, livestock, fish and agroforestry systems that underpin the livelihoods of smallholders in developing countries. During 2015, with a presence on the ground in more than 70 countries, these CGIAR scientists and researchers generated new knowledge and technologies, and developed innovative ways to bridge discovery science with delivery of results to millions of people.

The CRPs continue to be the principle means by which the combined intellectual weight of CGIAR is harnessed and deployed. The year 2015 saw increasing alignment within and coordination between CRPs. Of particular note was the stronger integration of gender dimensions into CRPs, and increased investment in gender research. More rigorous performance measures were introduced in 2015, requiring CRPs to demonstrate that their gender research leads to measurable benefits to women in their target areas.

As evidenced below, there are strong examples where the knowledge, technologies and policies generated by CRPs are being embraced by national governments, as well as by international NGOs and development institutions, such as the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). This leveraging effect augurs well for the scalability and impact of CGIAR on development goals for the coming years.

The following scientific achievements are presented under the three types of CRP:

  • Single crop programs
  • Programs that integrate commodities and approaches
  • Fully-integrated system programs
By 2030, the action of CGIAR and its partners will result in 150 million fewer hungry people, 100 million fewer poor people – at least 50% of them women – and 190 million ha less degraded land.

Chemist examining a beaker at a crude oil processing lab in Arusha, Tanzania: Mitchell Maher/IFPRI

CGIAR produced 1860 Institute for Scientific Information publications in 2015, up from 1676 in 2014.

Single crop programs
Improved crop varieties for resilience and increased geographic reach. Read more.

Programs integrating commodities
and approaches

Science for management and decision-making tools for improved practice. Read more.

Satellite monitoring of rice

for rapid decision-making

Satellite imagery: Sentinel

Satellite imagery enables large-scale monitoring of Asia’s rice areas. CGIAR and Swiss company Sarmap are working, together with a range of other partners, on two major projects that use Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery. The Remote Sensing-based Information and Insurance for Crops in Emerging Economies (RIICE) project has used SAR images to monitor rice-growing at 13 test sites in Cambodia, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. The Philippines Rice Information System (PRiSM) project is being implemented together with the Philippine Department of Agriculture. The availability of new open access imagery from European satellite programs allowed PRiSM to map all the rice-growing areas in the Philippines from the wet season of 2015, for the first time at high resolution. The imagery is currently available at 12 day intervals, so that mapping can determine harvesting times, crop progress, yield and the effects of damage due to typhoons.

“Accurate, timely and detailed information enables policymakers, disaster response teams, crop insurance providers, researchers and other stakeholders to assess the current and forthcoming status of the rice crop.”Dr Alice Laborte, IRRI geographical information specialist

Integrated system programs
Influencing global policy, a systems approach to agricultural development, Scaling out climate-smart solutions and nutrition sensitive value chains. Read more.

Safeguarding the world’s future
Improving individual performance standards, strengthening quality in all genebanks and countries receiving germplasm in 2015. Read more.

Countries receiving germplasm in 2015


Farmers measure field with tape. Tanzania: Mitchell Maher/IFPRI

Framing our future direction

The landscape of agricultural research for development is evolving rapidly. Ending poverty and feeding the planet in a nutritious and sustainable manner is at the top of global agendas. Now more than ever, there is an urgent need for the exceptional breadth and depth of the work of CGIAR and its partners, and the innovative life changing solutions from science and research that the CGIAR system delivers to the world’s most vulnerable people.

Developing the framework for CGIAR’s 2017 – 2022 new research portfolio 

Building on the lessons learned as CGIAR’s current portfolio evolves, CGIAR’s Centers, Funders and the CGIAR Consortium used 2015 as an opportunity to design the overarching framework for an integrated portfolio of next generation research Framing our future direction programs and platforms that will strengthen CGIAR’s capacity to contribute more directly to the world’s global goals, including the SDGs.

Culminating in a December 2015 targeted call for full proposals to CGIAR’s 15 Research Centers, CGIAR looked carefully at key gaps in its existing portfolio, particularly in delivery, gender, upstream science and transdisciplinary research. Particular focus was given to ensure the new 2017 – 2022 portfolio includes design of collaborative and shared Flagships to support integration and delivery. Wheels were put in motion to secure improved governance and management structures in order to reduce transaction costs, with the aim that more of CGIAR’s highly valued human and financial resources are focused on our core competency: agricultural research for development.

In order to further equip CGIAR to best address the most daunting global development challenges, our focus in 2015 was to identify new solutions in all of the ways that we work.

Enhancing coherence and priority setting in the emerging portfolio

CGIAR’s Independent Science and Partnership Council (ISPC) provided the Fund Council with an early independent assessment of the pre-proposals, from which the portfolio might be developed, affording CGIAR’s funders a first opportunity to guide the portfolio’s evolving strategic direction. To provide additional input into Fund Council discussions, CGIAR’s ISPC also undertook a preliminary quantitative exercise to explore funder priorities across the sub- Intermediate Development Outcomes set out in CGIAR’s newly adopted 2016 – 2030 SRF.

As important contributions to the overall context in which the new portfolio was beginning to take shape:

  • In February, ISPC’s Standing Panel on Impact Assessment (SPIA) completed a mid-term review of the four-year Strengthening Impact Assessment in CGIAR (SIAC) program, providing reflections on the importance of ex-post impact assessments on research undertaken, and the approach to, and most effective means for, impact assessment capacity building at CGIAR’s Centers.
  • The June 2015 edition of the journal Food Security included a special section with 10 papers from the 2013 Science Forum, illustrating how global food systems are changing and suggest how agricultural research needs to adapt if it is to make a major contribution to nutrition and health outcomes.
  • The year also featured the publication of a key reference source on productivity impacts on international crop genetic improvement research in developing countries, titled Crop Improvement, Adoption and Impact of Improved Varieties in Food Crops in Sub-Saharan Africa. Based on the Diffusion and Impact of Improved Varieties in Africa (DIIVA) project, the publication provided an important evidence base for refocusing CGIAR’s efforts to support the uptake of new seed varieties.

By the end of 2015/early 2016, the Independent Evaluation Arrangement (IEA) provided independent external evaluations of all current CRPs, covering the entire CGIAR research portfolio. The analysis and recommendations resulting from evidence and findings of the evaluations provided a useful basis for developing the new research programs and activities. Learning as a result of the evaluations had already begun to materialize across the CGIAR, as reflected in the CRP pre-proposal development and assessment, as well as in the changes already implemented by CRPs in their current work.

Each evaluation provided CRP management and staff, as well as funders and partners, with an in-depth assessment of the relevance, achievements and progress of individual CRPs.

Collectively, the evaluations serve as the first set of independent expert assessments on the research and organizational performance of CRPs since their formation. A synthesis report analyzing the main findings and patterns from the evaluations was launched toward the end of 2015, with the aim of assisting CGIAR decision-makers in capturing main lessons as CGIAR moves toward the next-generation portfolio.

The IEA also contributed to developing and promoting evaluative thinking across CGIAR. It organized the annual CGIAR Evaluation Community of Practice (ECOP) meeting, as well as a technical seminar jointly with the UN food and agriculture agencies, including the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the World Food Program (WFP), on enhancing the evaluability of SDG 2: “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture”. IEA also organized an internal workshop on evaluating the quality of science in CGIAR, engaging its evaluators, representatives of the ISPC and Consortium Office and some external experts to discuss a common framework, approaches and tools for evaluating this critical aspect of CGIAR programs. Findings and recommendations from the workshop provide an early intervention for determining how quality of science in CGIAR is defined and assessed.


GCARD3 consultative process to enhance collaboration 

In 2015, a process was launched to identify ways for CGIAR to collaborate more effectively with partners by selecting a set of countries based on criteria of where CGIAR has the most investment and potential for impact. This resulted in the following two sets of countries: ++ countries, comprising Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Tanzania and Vietnam; and + countries, comprising Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, India, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda, Uganda and Zambia. Activities toward site integration took place at an accelerated pace in the ++ countries, which held their national consultations in 2015. The + countries are to follow in the first quarter of 2016.

Consultations have included partners and beneficiary groups key to delivering outcomes at scale, including governments, NGOs, farmer organizations and the private sector along value chains. These took place at national, regional and global levels as the building blocks of the two-year Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development GCARD3 process. The CRPs coordinated with each other to ensure that, in key geographies, their activities are aligned with countries’ development priorities for maximum impact for the new CRP Portfolio.

Photo by IISD/ENB | Kiara Worth

Fine-tuning how we govern CGIAR

With the intent of creating maximum opportunity for CGIAR to deliver on its mission, CGIAR’s Funders and Centers used 2015 as an opportunity to embark on a governance transition aimed at delivering a revised governance structure in 2016 that better reflects the CGIAR partnership and its core principles. Throughout 2015, CGIAR stakeholders discussed the integration and alignment of the CGIAR system and the fine-tuning of critical research approaches and programs for greatest impact. They also reiterated the commitment of all system entities to set ambitious goals, prioritize activities and monitor performance. Drawing on the knowledge and experience of a transition team appointed in September 2015, a Fund Council approved transition plan set the stage for a November 2015 joint meeting of the Fund Council and Consortium Board and a smooth transition to a streamlined CGIAR governance system in 2016.


Maximizing global access to our research data and results

In 2015, CGIAR’s Open Access and Open Data initiative focused on assessing Open Access/Open Data resources, practices and needs across Centers. It also worked to strengthen collaboration and coordination around tools and approaches within CGIAR and external communities and develop a framework for prioritizing data to be made open, as well as for impact assessment. The second phase, planned for 2016 and 2017, will build on this foundation. The aim is to make CGIAR outputs standards-based and interoperable, and ensure that they are discoverable and accessible via integrated and contextualized views across Centers and CRPs, type (e.g. publications, data, etc.), and discipline (e.g. genetic/genomic; agronomy; breeding; natural resource management; socio-economic and geospatial).

Currently, most Centers’ repositories represent silos, whose contents are not easily discoverable or inter linked where appropriate and useful. Until this issue is addressed, it will be difficult to make access to their data more open. The ultimate objective is to make CGIAR’s research data and associated information accessible for indexing and interlinking by a robust, demand-driven cyber infrastructure for agriculture, ensuring that research outputs are open via FAIR principles – that is, Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Re-usable – to enhance innovation, impact and uptake.

CGIAR Centers use a mix of traditional and innovative arrangements to facilitate dissemination of CGIAR’s intellectual assets in a manner that maximizes global access and impact. By including Center-improved crop varieties in CGIAR Genebanks, they become globally accessible, in line with the ITPGRFA.

Several CGIAR Centers have set up crop-specific consortia arrangements, using membership privileges to incentivize participation of private sector partners alongside national agricultural research systems and other traditional CGIAR partners. Other innovative approaches to dissemination include product development partnerships and pro-poor dissemination strategies underpinned by patent protection.

Savings group in Bangladesh: Agencies/WorldFish

The power of partnerships

Strategic partnership outreach has focused primarily on organizations that requested stronger links with the CGIAR system as a whole, often after having had bilateral relations with one or more Centers. Partners have increasingly been drawn from the private sector, with links formed with several major companies and, in 2015, with their global networks. A case in point is the World Business Council for Sustainable Development. This has called on CGIAR, through CCAFS, to be a key knowledge partner on the Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) platform. Another is the World Economic Forum, through which CGIAR has been building new linkages with Grow Africa and the Tropical Forest Alliance.

Meanwhile, work has advanced on accreditation of the CGIAR Consortium to the UN system in general, and to UNFCCC and the new Green Climate Fund in particular, and on strengthening linkages with the private sector. In 2015, CGIAR also invested considerable time and energy in developing the link between agriculture and climate change, in close collaboration with CCAFS, WLE and the French government. This was in preparation for and follow-up of COP21, through the 4P1000 initiative on soil carbon sequestration in agriculture and forests, launched during the Paris event.


Global influence and engagement

Among other important outreach in 2015, which included a significant systemwide presence at: The Global Forum for International Agriculture; The United Nations Committee on Food Security conference, and UNESCO’s ‘Shaping the Future We Want’ event, the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), a CGIAR Research Center, convened their yearly Global Landscapes Forum on the sidelines of UNFCCC COP 21, held in Paris in December. Over two days, the Forum brought together more than 3,200 participants, including decision-makers from water management, finance, agriculture, forestry and other land use sectors.

CGIAR Centers and Research Programs played a key role in designing, promoting and executing the Forum, which drew on the extensive expertise that its 148 actively participating organizations brought to the table. More than 40 sessions and knowledge-sharing activities presented the results of recent research, technical approaches and best practice examples on restoration, tenure and rights, finance and trade and achieving sustainable development and climate goals. Forum organizers also capitalized on the presence of current and former heads of state and ministers, with world leaders from government and business committing to increasing their support for sustainable landscapes at a key plenary session.

During the Forum, CGIAR hosted the high-level CGIAR Partners’ Reception, ‘Achieving healthy diets from sustainable food systems for all’, to celebrate our many valued and varied partners, whose skills, knowledge and expertise, dedication and commitment, facilitate and foster CGIAR’s research and results. Among other partners and champions, we were delighted to be joined by key speakers, Rhoda Peace Tumusiime, the High-Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture of the African Union; Aly Abou-Sabaa, Vice President of the African Development Bank; Andrea Ledward, Head of the Department for International Development (DFID) Climate and Environment Department; and Marion Guillou, Independent Consortium Board Member and President of Agreenium, the French Institute for Agricultural, Forestry and Veterinary Sciences.

Also during the Forum, CGIAR hosted and participated in the 2nd Milano Group Meeting, ‘Reshaping Agriculture and Food Systems in the Face of Climate Change: Proposals for Universal Implementation Through Advocacy, Leadership, Research and Innovation, Imaginative Actions and Mutual Accountability’. The meeting was chaired by David Nabarro, the UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Food Security and Nutrition. The meeting engaged experts and decision-makers in the field to lay out their view of the strategic narrative linking climate, agriculture and food; and emerging opportunities and options for action.

CIFOR’s 2015 Global Landscapes Forum. Paris, France: Pilar Valbuena/CIFOR

Key Forum outcomes

3,200 participants from 135 countries, including:

  • 19 Ministers and Heads of State
  • 148 organizations

Participants committed to:

  • Restoring 128 million ha of degraded and deforested landscapes
  • Protecting watersheds across the Andes
  • Creating the first payments for ecosystem services initiative in the Pacific Islands
  • Establishing the International Partnership for Blue Carbon

97% of participants took or planned to take immediate action CIFOR’s 2015 Global Landscapes Forum. as a result of the Forum

Strategy and Results Framework 2016-2030

Redefining how CGIAR does business until 2030
CGIAR’s second comprehensive Strategy and Results Framework (SRF) 2016–2030 was launched in 2015. This strategy will contribute directly to the achievement of the SDGs outlined by the United Nations, in particular those of reducing poverty, improving food and nutrition security for health, and improving natural resources systems and ecosystems services. The SRF has been developed in close consultation with CGIAR’s donor community, as well as with those who direct and lead research within the Centers, partners, people and organizations external to CGIAR and, most importantly, those whom it seeks to benefit – poor farmers, food producers and consumers in the developing world. CGIAR believes that this SRF provides a firm foundation for the research that it and its partners must work on in the coming 15 years, if it is to achieve its vision of a world free of poverty, hunger and environmental degradation.

The Strategy and Results Framework 2016–2030 defines CGIAR’s aspirations and strategic actions to deliver on its mission. It outlines how CGIAR will build on past successes and investments and find innovative and creative solutions to overcome barriers and harness new opportunities.

Mato Grosso, Brazil: Icaro Cooke Vieira/CIFOR

The CGIAR goals contribute strongly to SDG 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 13 and 15 and moderately to SDG 8, 10, 12, 16 and 17

SLO 1: Reduce poverty

This SLO will reduce poverty by increasing productivity and resilience to shocks; conserving and effectively using genetic resources; increasing access to productive assets such as land and water, especially for women; diversifying opportunities by moving into higher value products, increasing access to markets and strengthening financial and other services. 2030 targets for SLO 1 are:

SLO 1 are:

  • 350 million more farm households will have adopted improved varieties, breeds or trees, and/or improved management practices
  • 100 million people, of whom 50% are women, will be helped to exit poverty

SLO 2: Improve food and nutrition security

This SLO will improve food and nutrition security by addressing the availability, access, utilization and stability of a healthy food supply. This includes improving crops and commodities; strengthening farm production practices to increase affordability; introducing diverse nutrient-rich foods into farming systems and diets such as biofortified crops, fruits, vegetables, legumes, livestock and fish; increasing expertise in nutrition through partnerships and coalitions; and aligning with key national, regional and international processes. 2030 targets for SLO 2 are:

  • Improve the rate of yield increase for major food staples from current <2.0 to 2.5%/year
  • 150 million more people, of whom 50% are women, will meet minimum dietary energy requirements
  • 500 million more people, of whom 50% are women, will have no deficiencies of one or more of the following essential micronutrients: iron, zinc, iodine, vitamin A, folate and vitamin B12
  • 33% reduction in women of reproductive age who consume less than the adequate number of food groups

SLO 3: Improve natural resources and ecosystem services

This SLO will improve natural resources and ecosystem services by diversifying agricultural systems in ways that protect soils and water, controlling soil erosion, improving organic content, and ensuring biomass for storing carbon and mitigating climate change. Natural capital must be enhanced and protected from climate change, exploitation and other forms of abuse. In high risk areas, enhanced conservation of habitats and resources is needed. Finally, degraded agroecosystems will be restored and managed more sustainably. 2030 targets for SLO 3 are:

  • 20% increase in water and nutrient (inorganic, biological) use efficiency in agroecosystems, including through recycling and reuse
  • Reduce agriculture-related greenhouse gas emissions by 0.8 Gt CO2 -e yr–1 (15%) compared with a business-as-usual scenario
  • 190 million ha degraded land area restored
  • 7.5 million ha of forest saved from deforestation

Cross-cutting issues

Climate change: All research and development activities will build in resilience to climate shocks and a focus on adaptation to and mitigation of climate change. CGIAR is committed to devoting at least 60% of its research to those issues.

Gender and youth: Research is gender-sensitive and promotes gender equity – especially adapted to the needs of poor women. Prioritize food sector entrepreneurship along agri-food supply chains to provide opportunities for youth employment.

Policies and institutions: Research provides evidence for reforming agrifood policies and institutions to make them more conducive to pro-poor development, to improved nutrition and the sustainable management of natural resources.

Capacity development: Enhance innovation throughout the agri-food system, especially in new technologies, landscape analysis and climate-smart agriculture, for the research community, farmers and other groups along the value chain.


CGIAR deeply appreciates the contributions from all of its funding partners, without whom none of our work would be possible.

Funders contributing to the CGIAR Fund in 2015:


Funders contributing to the CGIAR Fund in 2015:

CGIAR deeply appreciates the contributions from all of its funding partners, without whom none of our work would be possible.
































Financial overview

Thanks to invaluable contributions from our dedicated Funders, CGIAR research continues to transform the lives of hundreds of millions of people through positive tangible research outcomes.

The financial information provided in this section is based on the 2015 CGIAR Financial Report which is aggregated, and to a large extent consolidated, from the 15 CGIAR Audited Center Financial Statements and the CGIAR Research Programs’ (CRP) Financial Reports. Reporting currency is US dollars.

Center Financial Statements are prepared on an accrual basis which means that revenues and expenses are recorded when they are incurred, regardless of when cash is exchanged. In contrast, the CGIAR Fund reports Funder contributions based on cash receipts and disbursements. Therefore, in some instances in the following tables revenue from Funders will not align precisely with the revenues and expenditures reported by Centers for CRPs.

To ensure that Center Financial Statements accord with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), Centers have committed to comply with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) when providing 2017 Financial Statements. In 2015, CIAT became the first Center to convert its Annual Financial Statements to full compliance with IFRS.



A farmer checks his coffee bushes. Colombia: Neil Palmer/CIAT

CGIAR Consortium

The CGIAR Consortium, an International Organization hosted by the government of France, advances international agricultural research for a food-secure future. It is made up of the Consortium Board and the Consortium Office as the governing and administrative bodies, and CGIAR’s 15 member Research Centers. The Consortium works closely with a multi-donor CGIAR Fund with particular focus on ensuring the timely allocation of funding for CRPs and Research Centers, and the harmonization of implementation of CGIAR’s Strategy and Results Framework. The Consortium brings together thousands of scientists for multidisciplinary innovative research on challenges facing the world’s most vulnerable farmers, linking farmers and national agricultural research and innovation systems with the network of Research Centers and CGIAR’s many partners. As part of its mandate to create a food-secure future, the Consortium holds genetic resources for agriculture in trust for current and future generations.

CGIAR Consortium Board

The Consortium Board leads the CGIAR Consortium, providing strategic guidance and setting policies. It is responsible for the attainment of the CGIAR Consortium’s purpose. The Consortium Board membership is comprised of a maximum of 10 members: 9 external independent members appointed by CGIAR’s Research Centers and a voting ex-officio member who is the Chief Executive Officer of the CGIAR Consortium. The CGIAR Consortium Constitution grants to the CGIAR’s donors and the Research Centers as a collective whole the right to appoint one observer each to the Consortium Board. Observers represent the interests of their nominating group and not individual perspectives.

In 2015, to enhance greater engagement with the Research Centers in the work of the Consortium Board, an additional three Research Center/CRP observers participated in Board deliberations.

CGIAR Consortium Office

The CGIAR Consortium Office is located in Montpellier, France and serves as the headquarters of the Consortium. The Office works to globally position CGIAR, and advocate for international agricultural research. In close cooperation with CGIAR’s 15 member Research Centers, its donors and partners, the Office manages the development of the CGIAR Strategy and Results Framework, supporting and monitoring the overall status of implementation of CGIAR’s 16 phase 1 CRPs. The Office is in constant liaison with the Centers, CGIAR’s independent advisory bodies, and key partners and supporters, to best promote, support and enable the work of the CRPs, the Centers and that of CGIAR as a whole.

Chief Executive Officer, CGIAR Consortium
Frank Rijsberman

2015 External Independent Members

Lynn Haight, Chair
Ganesan Balachander
Marion Guillou
Molly Jahn*
Klaus Leisinger
Agnes Mwang’ombe
Paul Zuckerman

Ex officio voting member

Frank Rijsberman
Chief Executive Officer of the CGIAR Consortium

2015 CGIAR Research Centers/Program Observers

Bas Bouman
Representative of CRPs

Chandra Madramootoo
Representative of Center Board Chairs

Tony Simons
Representative of Center Directors General

Ann Tutwiler
Representative of Center Directors General

* The membership of the Consortium Board stated here is as at 31 December 2014. Martin Kropff resigned from his position as external independent member on 31 May 2015 to take up the role of Director General of CIMMYT, a CGIAR Research Center, and was replaced by Molly Jahn with immediate effect.


The CGIAR Fund is the largest public vehicle for financing the agricultural research needed to meet the food security challenges of the 21st century. Established in 2010, the multi-donor Trust Fund finances research carried out by the 15 CGIAR Research Centers in collaboration with hundreds of partners worldwide through CRPs. The Fund aims to provide reliable and predictable multi-year funding to enable research planning over the long term, resource allocation based on agreed priorities and the timely disbursement of funds. The CGIAR Fund is governed by the Fund Council.

CGIAR Fund Council

The CGIAR Fund Council, a representative body of Fund donors and other stakeholders, is the decision-making body of the CGIAR Fund. It sets priorities for the use of resources from the Fund and, in consultation with the Consortium, sets criteria, standards and processes for funding CRPs. The Fund Council also has responsibilities for governance, monitoring and evaluation, such as appointing the Independent Science and Partnership Council and authorizing a schedule of independent evaluations of CRPs and CGIAR institutional elements. The Chair leads the conduct of the Fund Council’s business and meetings.

Chair of the CGIAR Fund Council
Rachel Kyte, 1 January 2015 – 3 September 2015
Laura Tuck, 4 September 2015 – 31 December 2015

Executive Secretary of the CGIAR Fund Council
Jonathan Wadsworth

CGIAR Fund Office

The Fund Office supports the Fund Council and its Chair in the conduct of its business and meetings, including liaison with CGIAR system entities. In acting as a liaison to the Trustee, the CGIAR Consortium, the ISPC and the IEA, the Fund Office assists the Fund Council in maintaining its business relations and dialogue with CGIAR system entities on day-to-day operational matters. The Fund Office manages Fund contributions and relations with Funders, analyzes the Fund’s status and the Consortium’s compliance with performance agreements, and supports the Fund Council’s resource mobilization efforts, including by raising prospective investors’ awareness of the value of investing in CGIAR. The Fund Office, hosted by the World Bank, organizes the Funders Forum and supports its Chair.

Jonathan Wadsworth

CGIAR Fund Trustee

The World Bank serves as Trustee of the CGIAR Fund and in this role has the following functions: It holds in trust the funds transferred by Fund donors under Trust Fund administration agreements. It serves as an agent of the Fund Council for disbursing Fund resources based on instructions from the Fund Council and through fund transfer agreements between the World Bank and the CGIAR Consortium. It also provides regular reports on its Trustee activities to the Fund Council, Fund donors and the CGIAR Consortium.

Pamela Crivelli

Fund Council nominated observers

Carmen Thönnissen
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation

Jonathan Wadsworth
Fund Council Executive Secretary

CGIAR Fund Council Members*

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Central Asia and the Caucasus Association of Agricultural Research Institutions
European Commission
Fiji/Pacific Region
The Netherlands
Russian Federation
South Africa
United Kingdom
United States – USAID
World Bank

* The membership of the Fund Council stated here is as at 31 December 2014


Lynn Haight
Chair, CGIAR Consortium Board

Frank Rijsberman
CEO, CGIAR Consortium

Margaret Gill
Chair, ISPC

Rachel Bedouin
Head, IEA

CGIAR Research Programs

CGIAR Research Programs align the work of the 15 Research Centers and their partners into coherent, multidisciplinary programs to tackle cross-cutting issues in agricultural development around the globe.

Aquatic Agricultural Systems (AAS), in collaboration with national governments and partners, works with communities to find new approaches to realizing the agricultural potential of aquatic agricultural systems.

Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH) helps realize the potential of agricultural development to deliver gender equitable health and nutritional benefits to the poor.

Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) works to identify and address the most important interactions, synergies and trade-offs between climate change, agriculture and food security.

Dryland Cereals is a global alliance for improving food security, nutrition and livelihoods of smallholder farmers dependent on climate-resilient, nutrient-rich dryland cereal crops.

Dryland Systems engages in integrated agricultural systems research and innovative partnerships to improve food security, sustainable natural resource management and livelihoods in rural dryland communities.

Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA) aims to enhance the management and use of forests, agroforestry and tree genetic resources across the landscape from forests to farms.

The Global Rice Science Partnership (GRiSP) fosters impactoriented rice research and development to reduce poverty and hunger, improve human health and nutrition, and enhance ecosystem resilience in rice production systems.

Grain Legumes aims at improving health, food and nutritional security, environmental sustainability and increased smallholder income by increasing legume productivity, production and consumption.

Integrated Systems for the Humid Tropics (Humidtropics) seeks to transform the lives of the rural poor in tropical America, Asia and Africa, and uses integrated systems research and unique partnership platforms for better impact on poverty and ecosystems integrity.

Livestock and Fish aims to increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems in sustainable ways, making meat, milk and fish more available and affordable across the developing world.

Managing and Sustaining Crop Collections (Genebanks) provides security in funding for the routine operations of the genebanks and works towards strengthening individual genebank’s performance, quality management and use.

Maize seeks to mobilize global resources in maize R&D to achieve a greater strategic impact on maize-based farming systems.

Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM) leads action-oriented research to equip decision makers with the evidence required to develop food and agricultural policies that better serve the interests of the poor.

Roots, Tubers and Bananas (RTB) focuses on exploiting the potential of RTB crops for improving nutrition and food security, increasing incomes and fostering gender equity.

Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE) promotes a new approach to sustainable intensification in which a healthy functioning ecosystem is seen as a perquisite to agricultural development, resilience of food systems and well-being.

Wheat couples advanced science with field research in developing countries to raise productivity, production and availability for the 2.5 billion people who depend on wheat as a staple crop.

Research Centers

The 15 CGIAR Research Centers and their partners generate and disseminate knowledge, technologies and policies for agricultural and rural development.

The Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice) is a pan-African organization dedicated to reducing poverty, hunger and under-nutrition, ensuring sustainable management of natural resources and developing capacity in Africa through rice research, development and partnership activities.

Bioversity International delivers scientific evidence, management practices and policy options to use and safeguard agricultural and tree biodiversity to attain sustainable global food and nutrition security.

The International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) develops new technologies and knowledge that help make agriculture more eco-efficient – that is, competitiveand profitable as well as sustainable and resilient.

The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) is a non-profit, scientific facility that conducts research to inform policy and decision making on the use and management of forests and landscapes around the world.

The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) is the global leader on publicly-funded maize and wheat research. CIMMYT works to sustainably increase the productivity of maize and wheat cropping systems, thus improving global food security and reducing poverty.

The International Potato Center (CIP) aims to achieve food security, well-being and gender equity for poor people in root and tuber farming and food systems in the developing world. We do this through research and innovation in science, technology, and capacity strengthening.

The International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) is a global agricultural research organization working with countries in the world’s dry and marginal areas to deliver sustainable systems solutions that increase productivity, improve rural nutrition, and strengthen national food security.

The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi- Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) works across the drylands of Africa and Asia, making farming profitable for smallholder farmers while reducing malnutrition and environmental degradation.

The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) was established in 1975. The Institute conducts research, communicates results, optimizes partnerships, and builds capacity to sustainably reduce poverty and end hunger and malnutrition. Gender is a cross-cutting theme.

The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) aims to improve the food security, income, and well-being of the poor in sub-Saharan Africa. We work with partners to enhance agricultural production, improve food systems, and promote sustainable livelihoods from agriculture.

The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) works to improve food, nutritional, economic and environmental security in developing countries through research on sustainable livestock systems – ensuring better lives through livestock.

The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is the world’s premier research organization dedicated to reducing poverty and hunger through rice science, improving the health and welfare of rice farmers and consumers, and protecting rice-growing environments for future generations.

The International Water Management Institute (IWMI) researches the sustainable use of water and land to develop scalable agricultural water management solutions that impact poverty reduction, food security and ecosystem health.

The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) increases the use of trees in agricultural landscapes to improve food security and incomes, and to advance policies and practices that benefit the poor and the environment.

WorldFish is an international, nonprofit research organization that harnesses the potential of fisheries and aquaculture to reduce hunger and poverty.



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